Men's Health Tips
Permanente is offering free cholesterol, glucose and blood pressure screenings at the John Wooden Center, Friday, November 30. 9am to 2pm.
Learn your numbers, men's health and get educated about your health.
Click here to register.
Get Educated about Prostate
1 in 6 men will be diagnosed with
prostate cancer in their lifetime - a new case is diagnosed every 2.1
minutes.A man dies from prostate cancer every 18 minutes.
In 2012, 242,000 new cases of the
disease will be diagnosed and 28,000 men will die of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is the most
frequently diagnosed cancer in men after skin cancer.
A man is 35% more likely to be
diagnosed with prostate cancer than a woman is to be diagnosed with breast
The incidence rates are nearly
double for African American men.
If detected and treated early,
prostate cancer has a 95 percent success rate.
While there are cases of prostate
cancer showing up in younger men, it is recommended that men begin an
annual screening at age 50 and at age 40 if there is a family history.
WHAT IS PROSTATE CANCER?
The normal prostate is a small, squishy gland about the size of
a walnut. It sits under the bladder and in front of the rectum. The urethra-the
narrow tube that runs the length of the penis and carries both urine and semen
out of the body-runs directly through the prostate. The rectum, or lower end of
the bowel, sits just behind the prostate and the bladder. Sitting just above
the prostate are the seminal vesicles-two little glands that secrete about 60%
of the substances that make up semen. Running alongside and attached to the
sides of the prostate are the nerves that control erectile function.
prostate is not essential for life, but it's important for reproduction. The
prostate typically grows during adolescence under the control of the male
hormone testosterone and its byproduct DHT, or dihydrotestosterone. Prostate
cancer occurs when cells within the prostate grow uncontrollably, creating
small tumors. The term "cancer" refers to a condition in which
the regulation of cell growth is lost and cells grow uncontrollably. Most
cells in the body are constantly dividing, maturing and then dying in a tightly
controlled process. Unlike normal cells, instead of dying, as they
should, cancer cells outlive normal cells and continue to form new, abnormal
cells. Prostate cancer typically is comprised of multiple very small, primary
tumors within the prostate. At this stage, the disease is often curable
(rates of 90% or better) with standard interventions such as surgery or
radiation that aim to remove or kill all cancerous cells in the prostate.
Unfortunately, at this stage the cancer produces few or no symptoms and can be
difficult to detect.
HOW CURABLE IS PROSTATE
with all cancers, "cure" rates for prostate cancer describe the
percentage of patients likely remaining disease-free for a specific time. In
general, the earlier the cancer is caught, the more likely it is for the
patient to remain disease-free.
approximately 90% of all prostate cancers are detected in the local and
regional stages, the cure rate for prostate cancer is very high-nearly 100% of
men diagnosed and treated at this stage will be disease-free after five years.
By contrast, in the 1970s, only 67% of men diagnosed with local or regional
prostate cancer were disease-free after five years. However, being diagnosed
with prostate cancer can still be a life-altering experience. It requires
making some very difficult decisions about treatments that can affect not only
the life of the man diagnosed, but also the lives of his family members in
significant ways for many years to come. Prostate cancer can be slow to grow
following initial therapy, and it has been estimated that about 20-30% of men
will relapse after the five-year mark and begin to show signs of disease
cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in America, affecting 1 in 6 men. The
older you are, the more likely you are to be diagnosed with prostate cancer.
Although only 1 in 10,000 under age 40 will be diagnosed, the rate shoots up to
1 in 38 for ages 40 to 59, and 1 in 15 for ages 60 to 69. In fact, about 97% of
all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men 50 and older.
roles of race and family history are important as well. African American men
are 60% more likely to develop prostate cancer compared with Caucasian men and
are nearly 2.5 times as likely to die from the disease.
studies suggest that strong familial predisposition may be responsible for
5%-10% of prostate cancers.
Men with a first-degree relative-father, brother or son-with a history of
prostate cancer are twice as likely to develop the disease, while those with
two or more relatives are nearly four times as likely to be diagnosed. The risk
is even higher if the affected family members were diagnosed at a young age,
with the highest risk seen in men whose family members were diagnosed before
genetics might play a role in deciding why one man might be at higher risk than
another, social and environmental factors, particularly diet and lifestyle are
likely to have an effect as well. In recent years, research has shown that diet
modification might decrease the chances of developing prostate cancer, reduce
the likelihood of having a prostate cancer recurrence, or help slow the
progression of the disease. When weighing risk factors for prostate cancer,
it's also important to recognize that there are non-risk factors, or factors
that have not been linked to an increase in risk.
The purpose of screening is to detect prostate cancer at its earliest stages,
before any symptoms have developed. Typically, prostate cancer that's detected
by screening is in the very early-stages and can be treated most effectively.
Physicians can screen for prostate cancer quickly and easily in their office
using two tests: the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test and the digital
rectal exam (DRE).
Ultimately, decisions about screening should be individualized based on a man's
level of risk, overall health, and life expectancy, as well as his desire for
eventual treatment if he is diagnosed with prostate cancer. When to start
screening is generally based on individual risk, with age 40 being a reasonable
time to start screening for those at highest risk (genetic predispositions or
strong family histories of prostate cancer at a young age). For otherwise
healthy men at high risk (positive family history or African American men), starting
at age 40-45
important for men to create a proactive prostate health plan based on your
lifestyle and family history, as well as to discuss these tests with your
doctor to make the screening decisions that are best for you.
Movember's source log, please email:
PROSTATE CANCER RESOURCES
Prostate Cancer Foundation website
American Cancer Society website
CDC - Prostate Cancer